Among the sculptural collections of the Park, we can find the fountain “Children under the umbrella” (“Niños bajo el paraguas”), donated by the illustrious and Cadiz benefactor Aramburu Family at the beginning of the twentieth century. Before being in the Park, this fountain was in the main courtyard of a house in San Antonio Square, until in 1907, the owners made some works to adapt the house to modernist taste of the time. It was to be a wedding gift for a niece who was going to live in the house. In its place, a marble staircase was built, which can still be seen in the building.
The fountain was acquired in Paris on the occasion of a business trip by the Aramburu family. After its donation to the city, it was installed in Genovés Park. It wasn´t placed in the same position that you can find it currently, but was placed just at the entrance door that exists in Paseo de Santa Bárbara until the 60´s which was when it was moved.
This fountain (Fuente de los Niños del Paraguas) represents the allegory of a story. The Children of the umbrella” (“Niños del el paraguas de Genovés”) are called Pablo and Virginia, their names inspired by the novel of the same name published in 1787 and written by Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. It tells the story of Paul and Virginia, two childhood friends who innocently fall in love but end up tragically dying when the ship “Le Saint-Geran” which they were travelling on capsizes. All this is based on a real event that happened in the year 1744.
In the botanical garden ‘Garden des Plantes’ in Paris, a monument is dedicated to this writer, whose base also includes our children, Pablo and Virginia, accompanied by a dog and not by an umbrella, and as adults.
Another sculptural element of the Park is dedicated to Columela. It consists of a much damaged statue, on a stone pedestal in which the character is observed with a sickle in his hand and is resting on a tree trunk.
Lucius Junius Moderatus, nicknamed Columela, was a Roman agronomic and military writer, born in Gades (Cadiz), in the year 4 AD. From a well-off family, he carried out the cursus honorum with brilliance, becoming a tribune in the Legio VI Ferrata destined in Syria and Pontus.
From his childhood, Columela was instructed in the love of nature and agriculture and livestock. In fact, his family owned lands in what today would be Jerez and within the Italic Peninsula, which Columela would later inherit. This love meant that in his numerous trips for the empire, Columela was compiling all the data and practices that he saw until arriving at Carthage, where he became interested in Magon´s manuscripts.
At the end of his military service, he settled in Rome, where he put all the skills he had learned into practice, and then collected them in various works. His work is considered the most extensive and documented repertoire on Roman agriculture. It comprises 12 books, published successively, and to which probably preceded another shorter work in three or four books. To this day, we have the Arboribus (Book of trees) and De res rusticae (On Agriculture).
De Arboribus deals with shrub crops such as grapes, trees such as olive or fruit trees, and even flowers such as the violet or rose, in which he gives different advice for looking after them.
His work De res rusticae, is considered as the most complete work of agriculture and production and old methods in animal health. It contains maxims, and norms, that surprise us two thousand years after being written. In it, Columela carries out a study of agriculture in general, cultivating the fields, viticulture and arboriculture of fruit, livestock, poultry, fish farming, veterinary issues, the production of products and preserves, the invocation and sacrifices relevant to a healthy development of the field, the treatment of the land, the calendar, even the role of women as collaborators and active participants.
His knowledge of agronomy had great influence on subsequent authors on the subject, such as Pliny the Elder, the writer of gardens and vet Gargily Martial, the veterinarian Pelagonius and, above all, Palladio.
As Senaca´s close friend, he met Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius or Nero. He was also a precise historian, a positive philosopher and an inspired poet, as his work convincingly demonstrates.
It is also worth noting the monument dedicated to the illustrious and distinguished Cadiz-born José Celestino Mutis y Bosio, priest, botanist, geographer, mathematician, physician and one of the most outstanding and relevant initiators of scientific knowledge in America. He carried out numerous Botanical studies in the New Kingdom of Granada, a territory occupied today by Colombia.
The monument was inaugurated in 1932, by the first municipal corporation of the Second Republic, as indicated on the pedestal of the monument, on the occasion of the second centenary of his birth. It was thought that the best place to put it would be precisely between plants, since these had always been his passion. The idea was accepted and, therefore, is located in a flowerbed within the central walk of the Park. It consists of a small pedestal with its bust, carved in marble by the Cadiz-born artist José Gargallo. Underneath it there is a tombstone, also made out of marble, which simulates having been fastened with four nails and that says:
TO THE GREAT CADIZ-BORN BOTANIST CELESTINO MUTIS. “ Nomen inmortale quod nulla ætas nunquam delebit” (Linneo)* THE FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE SECOND REPUBLIC. 6 APRIL 1932
AL GRAN BOTANICO GADITANO CELESTINO MUTIS. “Nomen inmortale quod nulla ætas nunquam delebit” (Linneo)* EL PRIMER AYUNTAMIENTO DE LA SEGUNDA REPUBLICA. 6 ABRIL 1932
At the end of Paseo de las Palmeras, from the access of Doctor Gómez Ulla Avenue, is the monument that Spain dedicated to Her Excellency Mrs. Carmen Angolotti Mesa, Duchess of la Victoria. It is the homage to this noblewoman from Cadiz for her dedication to the work of caring for the sick and wounded of the Rif War, putting her life in danger on many occasions.
The monument to the Duchess of la Victoria is a low-relief in stone, created by the painter and sculptor Julio González Pala. In its first finished version, a nurse from the Spanish Red Cross appears, taking care of a wounded soldier. Below, the following text appears:
THIS MONUMENT WAS OPENED ON NOVEMBER 24, 1925, BY THE EXCM.ª MRS. MARIA WEYLER DE FERNANDEZ HEREDIA, WHICH TOOK THE REPRESENTATION OF HM QUEEN VICTORIA EUGENIA, UNDER WHOSE HIGH SPONSORSHIP AND ENCOURAGED BY HER MODEL EXAMPLE, THEY PERFORMED HER DEVOUT AND PATRIOTIC WORK, THE HOSPITALS OF THE RED CROSS OF ALL SPAIN
ESTE MONUMENTO SE INAUGURO EL DIA 24 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 1925, POR LA EXCM.ª SR.ª D.ª MARIA WEYLER DE FERNANDEZ HEREDIA, QUE OSTENTABA LA REPRESENTACION DE S. M. LA REINA D.ª VICTORIA EUGENIA, BAJO CUYO ALTO PATROCINIO Y ALENTADOS POR SU AUGUSTO EJEMPLO, REALIZARON SU PIADOSA Y PATRIOTICA OBRA, LOS HOSPITALES DE LA CRUZ ROJA DE TODA ESPAÑA
The second monument is somewhat higher. In its centre there is a cross of red jasper from Alicante, with the dedication of the monument:
TO THE DUCHESS OF LA VICTORIA, NOTABLE BENEFACTOR OF THE SICK AND INJURED SOLDIERS, FOR THE CAMPAIGN OF MOROCCO. THE GRATEFUL NATION. 1925
Laterally it takes a pair of groups: one of them is formed by an infantry officer and a sailor. On the opposite side, you can see an officer and a legionary.
At the pinnacle you can see the Spanish Royal Coat of Arms, the Duchess of la Victoria and the Military Orders.
Other sculptural collections that can be found in Genovés Park are dedicated to José María Pemán, Santa Rosa de Lima, the patron saint of gardeners, the great naturalist Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente and one dedicated to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar.